To capturing picture of animals is Haraam and Najaij

The evidences and proves about being Haraam and Najaij to create or to make someone to create idol-sculpture of animals, capturing picture of animals or made someone to capture it, drawing or to make someone to draw  pictures of animals and keeping those.

As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Matwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj

يدل على تحريم تصوير الحيوان وهو حرام شديد التحريم، وهو من الكبائر متوعد عليه بهذا الوعيد الشديد المذكور فى الاحاديث، وسواء صنعه بما يمتهن او بغيره فصنعته حرام بكل حال لان فيه مضاهاة لخلق الله تعالى، قال النووى: وسواء ماكان فى ثوب او بساط او درهم او دينار او فلس او اناء او حائط او غيرها، واما تصوير صورة الشجرة ورحال الابل وغير ذلك مما ليس فيه صورة حيوان فليس بحرام هذا حكم نفس التصوير. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب عذاب المصورين يوم القيامة الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۶)

Meaning: According to Hadish Sahreef it is not only Haraam but also strict Haraam to keep relation with picture-idol-sculpture of animals. And it is a Qabeerah sin since hard punishment was promised for committing such crime according to Hadish Shareef. It is Haraam in any way whether it is made for insulting someone or not. Because it demands about creating something like the creation of Allah Ta`aala. Hazrat Imaam Nubabi Rahmatullahi Alaihi says, drawing or creating these on bed sheet, silver coin, gold coin, money, pot, wall and any kind of stuff are Haraam equally. But it is not Haraam to have pictures of trees, horse rides or something like that without life. It is the final decision about picture of animal-idol-sculpture. (As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Regarding to the punishment of those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture on the day of Quiyamah, Volume-6, Page-46)

ولا فرق فى هذا كله بين ماله ظل وما لا ظل له، قال هذا تلخيص مذهبنا فى المسألة وبمعناه قال جماهير العلماء من الصحابة والتابعين ومن بعدهم وهو مذهب الثورى ومالك وابى حنيفة وغيرهم. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب عذاب المصورين يوم القيامة الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۶)

Meaning: There is no difference between being Haraam to create idol-sculpture with body and pictures of animal without body. Writer Hafiz Munjiri Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says, it is the only decision about this Masalaa in our Majhaab. Most of the Sahaba I Quiram Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhum, Hazrat Tabiyee Rwahmatullahi Alaihim and after them Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa Rwahmatullahui Alaihi, hazrat Imam Sufiyaan Sauri Rwahmatullahi Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Malik Rwahmatullahi Alaihi and others have the same decision about it. (As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Regarding to the punishment of those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture on the day of Quiyamah, Volume-6, Page-46)

وقال بعض السلف: انما ينهى عما كان له ظل ولا بأس بالصور التى ليس لها ظل، وهذا مذهب باطل، فان الستر الذى انكر النبى صلى الله عليه واله وسلم الصورة فيه لايشك احد انه مذموم. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب عذاب المصورين يوم القيامة الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۶)

Meaning: Couple of Imaam-Mujtaheed Rwahmatullahi Alaihim said afterwards, `those who say that it is forbidden about creating idol-sculpture with body but it is legal to create picture of animal without body`- their statement is rejected. Because certainly Habeebullah Hujoor Pak Swallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam got angry to see the curtain with the picture of animal and there is no doubt that, those activities are disgraceful and veil.

(As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Regarding to the punishment of those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture on the day of Quiyamah, Volume-6, Page-46)

وقال الزهرى: النهى فى الصورة على العموم، وكذلك استعمال ما هى فيه ودخول البيت الذى هى فيه سواء كانت رقما فى ثوب او غير رقم وسواء كانت فى حائط او ثوب او بساط ممتهن او غير ممتهن عملا بظاهر الاحاديث لاسيما حديث النمرقة الذى تقدم وهذا مذهب قوى. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب عذاب المصورين يوم القيامة الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۶)

Meaning: Tabiyee Hazrat Imaam Sihab Juhri Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says, ` Generally having picture of animal, idol and sculpture is forbidden and Haraam. Dealing with these and entering into such a home that have those is also Haraam. Same rule is applicable to have picture of animal on cloth or other stuff that is not cloth. According to the explanation of other similar Hadish Shareef, making those on wall, cloth, bed are Haraam whether it is done to insult or not. It is the strongest opinion.

(As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Regarding to the punishment of those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture on the day of Quiyamah, Volume-6, Page-46)

قال النووى: اما الشجر ونحوه مما لاروح فيه فلا تحرم صنعته ولا التكسب به وسواء الشجر المثمر وغيره قال: وهذا مذهب العلماء كافة الا مجاهدا فانه جعل الشجر المثمر من المكروه: قال عياض لم يقله احد غير مجاهد قال فى النيل فيه الاذن بتصوير الشجر وكل ما ليس له نفس، وهو يدل على اختصال التحريم بتصوير الحيوان قال فى البحر الزخار: ولا يكره تصوير الشجر ونحوه من الجمال اجماعا. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب عذاب المصورين يوم القيامة الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۷)

Meaning: Hazrat Imam Nubabee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says, making tree look like stuff and other stuff that have no soul and making money with those are not Haraam. Similar orders are applicable for tree with flower and fruit and other things like that. He (Hazrat Hafiz Munjiree Rwahmatullahi Alaihi) says, it is the final decision of all Ulama I Quiram Rwahmatullahi Alaihim. But only Tabiyee Hazrat Mujahid Rwahmatullahi Alaihi-his opinion is it is Maqruh Tanjihi to make pictures of tree with flower and fruit (to the point of viev of Taqwa). Hazrat Qadi Ayaad Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says, No one except Hazrat Mujahid Rwahmatullahi Alaihi gave the opinion to be this as Maqruh Tanjihi. The writer of the book `An Nail` says, Shariah has the permission to create the picture of tree and other stuff that have no soul. But especially according to Fotwa, it is Haraam to create picture of animal, idol, sculpture. The writer of the book `Al Bahruj Jukhaar` says, It is an Izma and that means all came in the same decision that it is not Maqruh Tanjihi rather than legal to create picture of tree and other object that have no life.

(As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Regarding to the punishment of those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture on the day of Quiyamah, Volume-6, Page-47)

فى هذه الباب دلالة على ان التصوير من اشد المحرمات للتوعد عليه بذلك، وبالتعذيب فى النار، وبان كل مصور من اهل النار ولورود لعن المصورين فى احاديث اخر، وذلك لايكون الا على محرم متبالغ فى القبح. قال فى النيل: وانما كانت التصاوير من اشد المحرمات الموجبة لما ذكر لأن فيه مضاهاة لفعل الخالق جل جلاله. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب التشديد على المصورين الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۸)

Meaning: From Hadish Shareef of this chapter prove that, certainly it is strict Haraam to create picture of animal, idol, sculpture. Hadish Shareef threatened to have the punishment in Jahannam at that issue. And certainly each of those who will create picture of animal, idol, sculpture will be the resident of Jahannam. And in other Hadish Sharef it says that, Curse will fall down upon those who are `Musabbireen` and that means those who create the picture of animal, idol, sculpture. Those are very bad things to do and there is no way not to consider those as Haraam. The writer of the book `An Nail` says, certainly dealing with picture of animal, idol, sculpture are Haraam. The cause of this is, it demands about creating something like the creation of Khwaleeq, Maliq, Rwaab Allah Ta`aala.

(As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Strict awareness to those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture, Volume-6, Page-48)

ومن اشراط الساعة القريبة عموم البلوى بالتصاوير فى هذا العصر حتى لم يبق شئ من المأكل والمشارب والاثواب والديار والمراكب وكل شئ يستعمله الانسان من كتب واوان ودراهم ودنانير وغيرها، وتعذرالاحتراز عنها تعذرا شديدا فانا لله وانا اليه راجعون. (السراج الوهاج فى كشف مطالب مسلم بن الحجاج كتاب اللباس والزينة باب التشديد على المصورين الجلد ۶ الصفحة ۴۸)

Meaning: One of the signs of Quiyamaat is, now days pictures of animal, idols, sculptures are spreaded all over the places disasters and high mortality. Moreover this practice has been going on in wit food, drinking bottles, garments, houses and transports (it means all kind of car, bus, train, truck, launch, stemar, ship, aeroplane etc). Besides pictures of animals are being used on our daily stuff like books, silver coins, golden coins, money and other stuff. It is very difficult to get rid of those. But still we have to get rid of those because we are created to pray to Allah Ta`aala and we shall return to him. (Therefore, making pictures of animals, idols, sculptures and practice those are Haraam and this is the final decision).

(As Sirajul Wahhajj Fee Qaashfi Maatwalibi Muslimibnil Hazzaj, Chapter: garment and decoration, Part: Strict awareness to those who create pictures of animal, idol and sculpture, Volume-6, Page-48)

Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeheel Imaam Muslimibnil Hajjajil Kushairy

The above Quitaab was written by Allama Hazrat Maulana Muhammad Twaqee Usmani Hanafee. According to above quitaab practicing pictures of animals, idols, and scuptures are Haraam and it says-

فى حديث ابى طلحة لا تدخل الملائكة بيتا فيه كلب ولا صورة قال الحافظ فى الفتح ۱۰ : ۳۸۱: المراد بالبيت المكان الذى يستقر فيه الشخص، سواء كان بناء او خيمة ام غير ذلك (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح الامام مسلم بن الحجاج القشيرى كتاب اللباس والزينة باب تحريم تصوير صورة الحيوان المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۲ مكتبة دار العلوم كراتشى)

Meaning: Hadish Shareef, narrated by Hazrat Abu Twalha Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhu says, “Malaika of Rehmat do not enter into a house or place where dog and picture of animal-idol-sculpture exists.” Hazrat Imam Hafiz ibne Hazar Asqalaani Shafiyee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in his Quitaab `Al Fathul Bari Alaa Swaheehil Bukhari` at volume-10 on page-152 that, the aim of this Hadish Sahreef is- those houses where people live. That could be house, tent or some other place whatever it is, Malaika of Rehmat do not enter there if picture of animal-idol-sculpture esist in there.

(Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeheel Imaam Muslimibnil Hajjajil Kushairy, chapter: garment and decoration, part: practicing pictures of animals, idols, and scuptures are Haraam, Volume-4, Page-152, publisher: Darul Ulum, Karachi)

ان تصوير ذوى الارواح واتخاذ الصور فى البيوت ممنوع شرعا، واتفق عليه جمهور الفقهاء. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۵)

Meaning: Making picture of animal-idol-sculpture that has spirit and keeping those at home are Haraam according to Shariah. At this, `Jamhuur` which means mostofthe Fuqaha I Quiram Rwahmatullahi Alaihim made `Izma` which means they agreed altogether. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4,page-155)

عن جابر رضى الله تعالى عنه قال: نهى رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عن الصورة فى البيت ونهى ان يصنع ذلك (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۶)

Meaning: Hazrat Jabir Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhu says, Saiyeedul Mursaleen, Imamul Mursaleen, Noor I Mujassam, Habeebullah Hujoor Pak Swallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam fobade us and that means decleared Haraam to keep picture of animal-idol-sculpture at home ( in tent or any ither place). And he also forbade us to make those and that means decleared Haraam. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-156)

فهذه اربعة عشر حديثا مرفوعا، كلها تدل على كون التصاوير ممنوعة على الاطلاق، وليس فيها مايفرق بين التصاوير التى لها جسم، وبين التصاوير المرقومة على الثياب والاوراق وغيرها. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۷)

Meaning: 14 Marfuu Hadish Shareef was noted here (in this Quitaab).  Every Hadish Shareef above actually proves that, it is forbidden to make picture of animal-idol-sculpture is forbidden and that means Haraam. And at this order, there is no difference among picture of animal or idol with body, sculpture on cloth, paper or some other things. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-157)

اقوال الصحابة وتعاملهم فى التصوير. وكذلك ورد عن الصحابة والتابعين كثير من الاثار تدل على انهم كانوا يحرمون الصور مطلقا. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۷)

Meaning: The rule from speech and activities of Hazrat Sahaba I Quiram Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhum regarding picture of animal-idol-sculpture: Actually it is proved from the explanation of Hazrat Sahaba I Quiram Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhum and Hazrat Tabiyeen Rwahmatullahi Alaihim that, they decleared the Fatwa to be Haraam regarding picture of animal-idol-sculpture. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-157)

روى عن ابى مسعود الانصارى رضى الله تعالى عنه Óان رجلا صنع له طعاما فدعاه، فقال: افى البيت صورة؟ قال نعم فابى ان يدخل حتى كسر الصورة ثم دخلÒ اخرجه البيهقى فى سننه: ۷: ۲۶۸ كتاب النكاح باب المدعويرى صورا. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۸)

Meaning: Sahaba Hazrat Abu Masud Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhu narrates, “certainly one person invited him and cooked food for him. At that time he (Hazrat Abu Masud Rwadiallahu Ta`aala Anhu) asked that man, is there any shape and that means picture of animal-idol-sculpture in the house? The man replied, yes there is. He refused to enter into the house after hearing this. After that he entere into the home when all those are destroyed.” In the same way, Hazrat Imam Baihaqi Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in his Quitaab `Sunan` Shareef in volume-7, page-268, in chapter `marriage` at the place called `Surh` narrated about this. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-158)

عن قتادة قال: يكره من التماثيل ما فيه الروح، فاما الشجر فلا باس به. اخرجه عبد الرزاق فى مصنفه ۱۰: ۴۰۰ رقم ۱۹۴۹۳. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۸)

Meaning: Tabiyee Hazrat Qatadah Rahmatullahi Alaihi says, picture of animal with spirit-idol-sculpture is Maqruh Tahrimi. But there is no problem with plant. It is narrated by Hazrat Imam Abdur Razzaq Rwahmatullahi Alaihi in his `Musannaf` Shareef, volume-10, page-400, Hadish Shareef no-19493. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-158)

اخرج ابن سعد فى طبقاته ۵: ۱۳۴ ان سعيد بن المسيب كان لا يأذن لابنته فى اللعب ببنات العاج. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۸)

Meaning: Hazrat Ibnu Sa`ad Rwahmatullahi Alaihi narrates in his `Twabaqaat` Shareef, volume-5, page-134 that, Certainly Tabiyee Hazrat Saiyeed Bin Musaiyib Rwahmatullahi Alaihi did not permit his daughter to play with a doll and that means gave her any chance. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-158)

مذاهب الفقهاء: ومن اجل هذه الاحاديث والاثار ذهب جمهور الفقهاء الى تحريم التصوير واتخاذ الصور فى البيوت سواء كانت مجسمة لها ظل، او كانت غير مجسمة ليس لها ظل. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۸)

Meaning: The opinions of Hazrat Fuqaha Rwahmatullahi Alaihim: from the basis of the above Hadish Shareef and Asaar Shareef, most of the Fuq`aaha I Quiram Rwahmatullah Alihi gave the Haraam Fatwa for making picture and keeping those in house. Either it is idol-sculpture with body or picture of animal without body, the rule is the same. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-158)

فيقول النووى رحمه الله تعالى عليه تحت حديث الباب: قال اصحابنا وغيرهم من العلماء: تصوير صورة الحيوان حرام شديد التحريم، وهو من الكبائر، لانه متوعد عليه بهذا الوعيد الشديد المذكور فى الاحاديث، وسواء صنعه بما يمتهن او بغيره، فصنعته حرام بكل حال، لان فيه مضاهاة لخلق الله تعالى، واما اتخاذ المصور فيه صورة حيوان، فان كان معلقا على حائط او ثوبا ملبوسا او عمامة ونحو ذلك مما لا يعد ممتهنا فهو حرام، ولا فرق فى هذا كله بين ماله ظل وما لا ظل له. هذا تلخيص مذهبنا فى المسألة. ومعناه قال جماهير العلماء من الصحابة والتابعين ومن بعدهم، وهو مذهب الثورى ومالك وابى حنيفة وغيرهم. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۸)

Meaning: Hazrat Imam Nubabee Shafiyee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says, Our and other Ulama I Quiram Rwahmatullahi Alaihim says, practicing with picture of animal-idol-sculpture is strict Haraam and Qabeera Gunah.Because, Hadish Shareef priomised strict punishment about this. The rule is the same whether it is made to humiliate or not. Making these are Haraam in any way. As, these expresses similarities with Allah Ta`aala-his creation. If the picture of the creator who draws picture, hangs on wall, cloth, garment, turban and on some other thing, will be Haraam whether it is done for humiliation or not. There is no difference between idol-sculpture with body and picture of animal without body. This is the final decision about this Masa`laa in our Majhab. Most of the Hazrat Sahaba I Quiram Rwadiallahi Ta`aala Anhum, Hazrat Tabiyeen Quiram Rwahmatullahi Alaihim and Hazrat Ulama I Quiram Rwahmatullahi Alaihim afterwards have the same opinion about it. And this opinion is also given by Hazrat Imam Sufian Sauri Rwahmatullahi Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Abu Hanifa Rwahmatullahi Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Malik Rwahmatullahi Alaihi and other Imam of different Majhab. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-158)

قال العينى فى عمدة القارى. ۱۰: ۳۰۹، وبه يتبين مذهب الشافعية والحنفتة. وهو مذهب الحنابلة ايضا، قال المرداوى فى الانصاف ۱: ۴۷۴ : يحرم تصوير ما فيه روح، ولا يحرم تصوير الشجر ونحوه. والتمثال مما لا يشابه ما فيه روح على الصحيح من المذهب. يحرم تعليق ما فيه صورة حيوان، وستر الجدار به، وتصويره على الصحيح من المذهب. وبمثله قال ابن قدامة فى المغنى ۷: ۷ كتاب الوليمة. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۹)

Meaning: Similarly said Hazrat Imam Badruddin Ayni Hanafee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi Hanafee (About being Haraam about picture of animal-idoi-sculpture) in his Quitaab `Umdatul Qari Sharhe Bukhari`, volume-10, page-309. Same Fatwa was narrated by all the Imam and Mujtahid of Hanafee, Shafiyee, Hambalee. Hazrat Imam Mardabi Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in his Quitaab `Insaaf` in volume-1, page-474 that, picture of animal with spirit or soul-idol-sculpture are Haraam. But the picture of plant and similar object are not Haraam. Here `Timsal` means the picture that is not of any animal with life. And it is the accurate decision. According to the accurate decision, it is Haraam to hang up picture of animal on home, wall of home. Similarly Hazrat Ibnu QudamahRwahmatullahi Alaihi gave his decision in his Quitaab `Mugni` in volume-7, page-7 in chapter `Walimah`. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-159)

 

قال الابى رحمه الله فى شرحه لمسلم ۵: ۳۹۴: واختلف فى تصوير ما لا ظل له، فكرهه ابن شهاب فى اى شئ صور من حائط او ثوب او غيرهما. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۹)

Meaning: Hazrat Ubai Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in his Sarah of Muslim Shareef called `Sharhul Ubai` in volume-5, page-394 that, Couple of Imam have their different opinion about the picture of animal without body. But Tabiyee Hazrat Ibnu Shihab Juhree Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says Maqruh Tahrimi to make picture of animal on wall, cloth and other object. Actually they are Haraam. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-159)

وقال العلامة الدردير فى شرحه الصغير على مختصر خليل: والحاصل ان تصاوير الحيوانات تحرم اجماعا. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۹)

Meaning: Hazrat Allama Dardeer Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in his Quitaab `Sharhush Swageer Alaa Mukhtasaar Khwaleel` says, actually the main decision is, The Izma is established about being Haraam regarding picture of animal-idol-sculpture. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-159)

والذى يظهر من مراجعة كتب المالكية ان اكثر علماءهم يقولون بكراهة الصور ولولم يكن لها ظل الا اذا كانت ممتهنة. قال الخرشى ۳: ۳۰۳ : قال فى التوضيح التمثال اذا كان لغير حيوان كالشجر حائز، وان كان لحيوان فما له ظل ويقيم فهو حرام باجماع، وكذا يحرم وان لم يقم، بمثله ذكى الدردير فى الشرح الكبير، راجعه مع الدسوقى ۲: ۳۳۸ والزرقانى على مختصر خليل ۴: ۵۳ (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۹)

Meaning: According to the description of the Quitaabs of Maleki Majhab, most of the Ulama e Quiraam say, idols are Maqruh Tahrimi although it is made to humiliate. Hazrat Kharshee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says in hie Quitaab`s volume-3, page-303 that, it is noted in the Quitaab `At Tauheed` that, it is legal if the picture is about plant without life or object like tree etc. And according to the Izmaul Ummah, it is Haraam to have idol-sculpture of animal that can walk itself. Similarly, it is Haraam to have idol-sculpture of the animal with body that cannot walk. It is similarly noted in the Quitaab `Add Dardeer Fish Sharahhil Qabeer`; `Add Dusuqee` in volume-2, page-338,  and`Ajj Jurqaanee Alaa Mukhtasaar Khwaleel` in volume-4, page-53.  (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-159)

فالحاصل ان المنع من اتخاذ الصور مجمع عليه فيما بين الائمة الاربعة اذا كانت مجسدة. اما غير المجسدة منها، فاتفق الائمة الثلاثة على حرمتها ايضا قولا واحدا. والمختار عند اكثر المالكية كراهتها. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۵۹)

Meaning: Regarding to idol-sculpture with body the opinion of the four Imaam of Majhab (Hazrat Abu Hanifa Rwahmatullahi Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Malik Rwahmatullahu Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Shafiyee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi and Imam Ahmad Bin Hamble Rwahmatullahi Alaihi) their combined opinion and that meas Izma is, practising those are forbidden and Haraam. And three Imaam (Hazrat Abu Hanifa Rwahmatullahi Alaihi, Hazrat Imam Shafiyee Rwahmatullahi Alaihi and Imam Ahmad Bin Hamble Rwahmatullahi Alaihi) their opinion is, picture of animal without body is Haraaam according to one opinion. The opinion that is granted and have the most priority among the most of the Imam of the Maleki Majhab says, the picture of animal is Maqruh Tahrimi. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-159)

قال ابن دقيق العيد رحمه الله فى شرح العمدة ۱: ۱۷۲ (كتاب الجنائز حديث ۱۱): ولقد ابعد غاية البعد من قال: ان ذلك محمول على الكراهة، وان التشديد كان فى ذلك الزمان لقرب عهد الناس بعبادة الاوثان. وهذا الزمان حيث انتشر الاسلام وتمهدت قواعده فلا يساويه فى هذا التشديد. وهذا القول عندنا باطل قطعا، لانه قد ورد فى الاحاديث والاخبار عن امر الاخرة بعذاب المصورين، وانهم يقال لهم: احيوا ما خلقتم. وهذه علة مخالفة لما قاله هذا القائل. وقد صرح بذلك فى قوله عليه السلام: “المشبهون بخلق الله” وهذه علة عامة مستقلة مناسبة ولا تخص زمانا دون زمان. وليس لنا ان نتصرف فى النصوص المتظاهرة المتضافرة بمعنى خيالى. (تكملة فتح الملهم بشرح صحيح مسلم المجلد ۴ الصفحة ۱۶۱)

Meaning: Hazrat Imam Ibnu Dwaqeeqeel Eid Rwahmatullahi Alaihi narrates in his Quitaab `Sharhul Umdah` in volume-1, page-11, in the chapter `Janaja` while explaining the 11th Hadish Shareef that, “Those who quotes regarding being Maqruh Tahrimi to deal with picture of animal-idol-sculpture that, this strictness was made near the time of `Jaheliaat` and idol-sculpture. But at this age, that strict orders are not valid as Islam is spreaded,” (Naujubillah!) (Ibnu Dwaqeequl Eid Rwahmatullahi Alaihi says:) At this, the opinion of the followers of `Ahlus Sunnah Wa Jamayah` that means Hanafee, Maleki, Shafiyee, Hambali, Maturidi and Asari says, The statement of the false believers are rejectable. As `Quraan Shareef and Hadish Sahreef narrates about the strict punishment of the people who create picture of animal-idol-sculpture. Even, they will be asked, give life to those that you made. ( But they will not be able to give life to them) These are the clear answers against those false believers. Even Saiyeeduna, Noor I Mujassam, Habeebullah, Hujoor I Pak Swallallahu Alaihi wa Sallam clearly says, “Those who expresses similarities with Allah Ta`aala-his creation (must be punished).” The references prove that they are Haraam. The Fatwa is not applicable for a particular age. We have no right to change the exposex and clear references that is expressed in Quraan Shareef and Hadish Sahreef. (Taqmalaatu Fathil Mulhim Bishrahi Swaheeh Muslim, vol-4, page-161)

Source: The Monthly Al Baiyinaat (207th )

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